Estonian Research Council presents the Evaluation Report of Research in info and communication technologies in Estonia 2009–2014, where the ovarall evaluation of our research group is excellent.
The paper titled “Haplotype Phasing and Inheritance of Copy Number Variants in Nuclear Families” was recently published in PLoS One and the news of this article can now be read on the science webpage Novaator.
A team of UT named “Environmentally Friendly Fitness Center” achieved third position in a students energy and resource saving competition “Negavatt”.
We wish good luck to Märt Roosaare and his team in improving their project!
Our workgroup will organize the annual conference of IMCB, EGC and EBC. The conference will take place on 15th and 16th of December, 2014.
Sorry, this entry is only available in Eesti.
Congratulations to winners of UT CSI Student Project Competition!
Märt Roosaare, Mikk Puustusmaa (I prize)
Fanny-Dhelia Pajuste, Maarja Lepamets (III prize)
Journal Club seminars are held every Monday at 15.30 in Riia 23, room 314.
Genome and low-iron response of an oceanic diatom adapted to chronic iron limitation
Background: Biogeochemical elemental cycling is driven by primary productio of biomass via phototrophic phytoplankton growth, with 40% of marin productivity being assigned to diatoms. Phytoplankton growth is widely limited by the availability of iron, an essential component of the photosynthetic apparatus. The oceanic diatom Thalassiosira oceanica shows a remarkable tolerance to low-iron conditions and was chosen as a model for deciphering the cellular response upon shortage of this essential micronutrient.
Results: The combined efforts in genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics reveal an unexpected metabolic flexibility in response to iron availability for T. oceanica CCMP1005. The complex response comprises cellular retrenchment as well as remodeling of bioenergetic pathways, where the abundance of iron-rich photosynthetic proteins is lowered, whereas iron-rich mitochondrial proteins are preserved. As a consequence of iron deprivation, the photosynthetic machinery undergoes a remodeling to adjust the light energy utilization with the overall decrease in photosynthetic electron transfer complexes.
Conclusions: Beneficial adaptations to low-iron environments include strategies to lower the cellular iron requirements and to enhance iron uptake. A novel contribution enhancing iron economy of phototrophic growth is observed with the iron-regulated substitution of three metal-containing fructose-bisphosphate aldolases involved in metabolic conversion of carbohydrates for enzymes that do not contain metals. Further, our data identify candidate components of a high-affinity iron-uptake system, with several of the involved genes and domains originating from duplication events. A high genomic plasticity, as seen from the fraction of genes acquired through horizontal gene transfer, provides the platform for these complex adaptations to a low-iron world.
We have investigated the role of gene duplication in the functional evolution of proteins using the translational GTPase, Elongation Factor G (EFG) as a model. The paper titled “A Computational Study of Elongation Factor G (EFG) Duplicated Genes: Diverged Nature Underlying the Innovation on the Same Structural Template” was published in PLoS One and blogged by Anna Delprato in her blog GTPases:From The Bench.