Copyright (c) 1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2004,2006,2007
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Steve Rozen, Maido Remm, Triinu Koressaar and Helen Skaletsky
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. * Neither the names of the copyright holders nor contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission. THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNERS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
We request that use of this software be cited in publications as
Untergrasser A, Cutcutache I, Koressaar T, Ye J, Faircloth BC, Remm M,
Rozen SG (2012)
Primer3 - new capabilities and interfaces.
Nucleic Acids Research
Koressaar T, Remm M (2007) Enhancements and modifications of primer design program Primer3 Bioinformatics 23(10):1289-91
Source code available at primer3.sourceforge.net/.
The development of Primer3 and the Primer3 web site was funded by Howard Hughes Medical Institute and by the National Institutes of Health, National Human Genome Research Institute. under grants R01-HG00257 (to David C. Page) and P50-HG00098 (to Eric S. Lander).
We thank Centerline Software, Inc., for use of their TestCenter memory-error, -leak, and test-coverage checker.
Primer3 was a complete re-implementation
of an earlier program:
Primer 0.5 (Steve Lincoln, Mark Daly, and Eric
Lincoln Stein championed the
idea of making Primer3 a software component suitable for high-throughput
Web interface by Steve Rozen
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